Setting up multiple Git providers
Over the past couple of weeks now I have set up several development machines at work and have had to also use two git accounts, GitHib and Bitbucket.
To connect to both I use SSH as a preference, I have been using SSH in place of HTTPS for quite some time now, if you want to connect repeatedly without having to provide user name and password details then SSH is a good option.
If you are unfamiliar with using SSH to authenticate with git then take a look at my cheat sheets repository (ss10.me/cheat-sheets) there are several sections covering SSH, notably:
- How to Authenticate with GitHub Using SSH
- Use multiple SSH Keys (what this post is covering)
- Re Use SSH Keys from one Machine to Another
I have come across this set-up a few times now and implemented it for myself.
You’ll need to create a
config file in the
.ssh folder in your
home directory (Windows, Ubuntu or both if you use a WSL set-up)
This will list out the contents of the folder, if you get
No such file or directory then you don’t have SSH configured.
Take a look at the How to Authenticate with GitHub Using SSH section on the cheat-sheets repo for details on that.
For this example let’s presume that we have already created our SSH keys for Bitbucket and GitHub and authenticated with both Bitbucket and GitHub.
Next create a
This will open a new file with nano that we can add the following to:
# Bitbucket (default) Host bb HostName bitbucket.org User git IdentityFile ~/.ssh/id_default # GitHub (secondary) Host gh HostName github.com User git IdentityFile ~/.ssh/id_secondary
Just remember that the
IdentityFile needs to match what you have
called your SSH keys.
Check current permissions with
# stat -c "%a %n" ~/.ssh/* 644 /home/scott/.ssh/config 700 /home/scott/.ssh/id_default 700 /home/scott/.ssh/id_default.pub 700 /home/scott/.ssh/id_secondary 700 /home/scott/.ssh/id_secondary.pub
config file permissions as needed:
chmod 644 ~/.ssh/config
Ok now we should be able to push and pull to the respective GitHub and
Bitbucket repositories, but unless you have the same username and
email address for GitHub and Bitbucket then we’re also going to need
to specify specific user details for the repositories we’re accessing,
otherwise the details specified in the
~/.gitconfig are what will be
used with commits.
In my case for work my default user account is Bitbucket so that is
what I have specified in the
~/.gitconfig, however for the GitHub
repos I work on I’ll need to specify my GitHub credentials on a repo
by repo basis.
Historically I have gone into the individual repo and manually set the config details.
# from the root of the repo you want to specify the credentials git config user.name 'Your Name' git config user.email 'email@example.com'
I have since found an ok solution here: https://stackoverflow.com/a/43654115/1138354
[user] name = play.user email = firstname.lastname@example.org [includeIf "gitdir:~/work/"] path = ~/work/.gitconfig
Work specific config
[user] name = work.user email = email@example.com