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Scott Spence

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SvelteKit Fetch from GraphQL Endpoint with Variables

2 min read

If you want to fetch data from a GraphQL endpoint, you can use the browser fetch API without the need for any third party tools. You can use the browser fetch API in SvelteKit on both the client and the server.

In this first example I’m using the SvelteKit context="module" and using the load function and the SvelteKit fetch to make the async call to the GraphQL endpoint.

<script context="module">
  export const load = async ({ fetch, page: { params } }) => {
    const slug = params;
    const res = await fetch(
      'https://mygraphqlendpoint/graphql', {
      method: 'POST',
      body: JSON.stringify({
        query: `
            query Post($slug: String!) {
              post(where: { slug: $slug }) {
                title
              }
            }
          `,
        variables: { slug }
      })
    });
    if (res.ok) {
      const post = await res.json();
      return {
        props: { post }
      };
    }
  };
</script>

<script>
  export let post;
</script>

<pre>{JSON.stringify(post, null, 2)}</pre>

Using the fetch outside of a context module you can do something similar and use the Svelte #await directive while the promise resolves.

This will be how you would use the browser fetch API in a Svelte project that doesn’t have the additional functionality that comes with SvelteKit.

<script>
  const getGraphQlQuery = async () => {
    const res = await fetch(
      'https://mygraphqlendpoint/graphql',
      {
        method: 'POST',
        body: JSON.stringify({
          query: `
              query Post($slug: String!) {
                post(where: { slug: $slug }) {
                  title
                }
              }
            `,
          variables: { slug: 'my-query-slug' },
        })
      }
    );
    if (res.ok) {
      const post = await res.json();
      return { post };
    }
  };
  let post = getGraphQlQuery();
</script>

{#await post}
  <p>...waiting</p>
{:then { post }}
  <pre>{JSON.stringify(post, null, 2)}</pre>
{:catch error}
  <p style="color: red">{error.message}</p>
{/await}

The main point is that GraphQL expects the body of the request to be a stringified JSON object.

The variables property is optional and can be left empty.

JSON.stringify({
  query: `
    query MyQuery($slug: String!) {
      post(where: { slug: $slug }) {
        title
      }
    }`,
  variables: { slug: 'my-query-slug' },
})

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